This paper explores how the findings of the Gender and Politics in Practice (GAPP) research on development
programming relate to broader processes of social, political and economic change that shape development outcomes
and gender equality. Institutions remain important, but more attention needs to be given to issues of politics, power
and agency. This in turn means looking more closely at the role of leaders, organisations and coalitions in shaping
effective institutions, mobilising various interests, and in working strategically within existing social norms to achieve
change. This research indicates that understanding the relationships between context, locally driven change and
gendered power relations needs to be central to all development work.