AIMS: The aim of this study was to investigate the significance of simple 24-h Holter (24H) data after electrical cardioversion (CV) for atrial fibrillation (AF) recurrence. METHODS: We prospectively studied 47 consecutive patients subjected to CV, who successfully converted to sinus rhythm. All underwent echocardiography and 24H after CV. AF recurrence was studied at 14 days and 1 month by second 24H or by interim report of AF. RESULTS: About 53.2% remained in sinus rhythm (group I) and the rest recurred to AF (group II). Group I had fewer atrial premature complexes per hour (APC/h) (P = 0.002) and lower maximum (max HR), average, and minimum heart rates compared with group II (all Ps < 0.05). The optimal value of APC/h and max HR with best sensitivity and specificity was 32 APC/h and 90 bpm, respectively. These findings were the predictors of AF recurrence [hazard ratio (HR) = 4.5 with 95% CI = 1.7-11.7 and HR = 4.3 with 95% CI = 1.7-10.9, respectively]. Patients with the combination of both predictors had greater HR of AF recurrence compared with those with < 32 APC/h and max HR < 90 bpm (HR = 8.8 with 95% CI = 2.5-31.4). CONCLUSION: Patients with frequent APC/h and high max HR are at high risk for 1-month AF recurrence after electrical CV.