INTRODUCTION:Asthma is the most common chronic respiratory disease in children and inhaled corticosteroids (ICS) constitute the first line of treatment for these patients. However, the potential growth-inhibiting effect of ICS has often been a cause of concern for both caregivers as well as physicians, and there still remains conflict regarding their safety profile. OBJECTIVE:To assess whether the administration of ICS in low or medium doses is associated with height reduction in prepubertal children. METHODS:We performed a retrospective study to examine the association between ICS treatment and growth deceleration in children with mild persistent asthma. The comparison of height measurements every 6 months from 3 to 8 years of age was conducted among three groups of patients: patients not receiving ICS, patients being treated with low dose of ICS and patients being treated with medium dose of ICS (GINA Guidelines 2015). RESULTS:This study included 284 patients (198 male, 86 female) aged 3-8 years; 75 patients were not receiving ICS, 63 patients were on low-dose ICS and 146 patients were on medium-dose ICS. The measured height every 6 months did not differ significantly (p > 0.05) among the three groups while the difference remained stable (p > 0.05), even when we evaluated males and females separately. CONCLUSIONS:In this "real-life" study we found that long-term treatment with ICS in low or medium doses is not associated with height reduction in prepubertal children with asthma.