Previously, we reported a two-dimensional gel map and database with molecular weight/isoelectric point (Mr/pI) loci for 22 proteins expressed in the breast carcinoma cell line, MDA-MB231 (Rasmussen et al., Electrophoresis 1997, 18, 588-598). Here we update this database with Mr/pI loci for a further nine cytoplasmic proteins and three Triton X-114 solubilised membrane proteins from MDA-MB231 cells. In addition, a novel protein, previously represented only in expressed sequence tag (EST) databases, has been identified as a Triton X-114 soluble protein and assigned an Mr/pI locus. During the course of isolating proteins from the Triton X-114 fraction, we compared recoveries of proteins in sodium dodecyl sulphate-polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis (SDS-PAGE) gels after isoelectric focusing (IEF) using either immobilised pH gradients or carrier ampholytes. In these experiments, a significantly higher proportion of membrane proteins were visible in SDS-polyacrylamide gels after the use of carrier ampholytes for the first dimension. We also report our mass spectrometric-based procedure for identifying two-dimensional electrophoresis (2-DE) gel-resolved proteins, combining in-gel enzymatic digestion, 0.2 mm internal diameter (ID) capillary column reversed-phase high-performance liquid chromatography (RP-HPLC) peptide mapping and electrospray ionisation--ion trap--mass spectrometry.