Arrhythmic risk assessment in genotyped families with arrhythmogenic right ventricular cardiomyopathy Academic Article uri icon

abstract

  • Arrhythmogenic right-ventricular cardiomyopathy (ARVC) is a genetically determined disorder, mostly caused by mutations in genes encoding desmosomal proteins. We evaluated phenotype/genotype characteristics to predict the risk for the first major arrhythmic event in desmosomal-mutation-associated ARVC families.A cohort of 105 desmosomal-mutation carriers belonging to 39 consecutive ARVC families was evaluated. Serial clinical work-up consisting of history, physical examination, 12-lead/signal-averaged/24 h ambulatory ECG, and two-dimensional echocardiography was performed every 6-12 months. The predictive value of gender and genotype for the first major arrhythmic event was investigated within the cohort using time-to-event analysis. ECG/echocardiographic features were evaluated at the time of event and associated with the outcome using an age-matched nested case-control study within the cohort. Forty-three (41%) participants experienced the primary arrhythmic outcome at median age of 29 (21-46) years. The first event was sustained ventricular tachycardia in 31 and sudden cardiac death in 12. Definite diagnosis according to the 2010 Task Force criteria, showed 57% positive and 100% negative predictive value for the occurrence of arrhythmic outcome. Male gender (hazard ratio = 3.26, 95%CI, 1.63-6.51), predicted the first major arrhythmic event, independently of genotype, on multivariable analysis. Repolarization abnormalities and left-ventricular dysfunction independently associated with clinical disease profile at the time of event.Male gender, independently of genotype is an arrhythmic risk predictor in ARVC-associated desmosomal-mutation carriers. Repolarization abnormalities and left-ventricular dysfunction are important components of the first event-associated clinical disease profile.

authors

  • Protonotarios, Alexandros
  • Anastasakis, Aris
  • Panagiotakos, Demosthenes B
  • Antoniades, Loizos
  • Syrris, Petros
  • Vouliotis, Apostolos
  • Stefanadis, Christodoulos
  • Tsatsopoulou, Adalena
  • McKenna, William J
  • Protonotarios, Nikos

publication date

  • April 2016

has subject area