Meat consumption and breast cancer: A case–control study in women Academic Article uri icon

abstract

  • The relationship between meat intake and breast cancer has been inconsistent .The aim of this work was to evaluate the association between meat intake and breast cancer, in women.A case-control study with 250 consecutive, newly diagnosed breast-cancer-female-patients (56 ± 12 years) and 250, one-to-one age-matched controls was conducted. A standardized, validated questionnaire assessing various socio-demographic, clinical, lifestyle and dietary characteristics was applied through face-to-face interviews. Data on consumption of red, white, processed and grilled meat were also recorded. Overall dietary habits were assessed through the level of adherence to the Mediterranean diet using the MedDietScore (theoretical range 0-55).Processed meat intake, even for 1-2 times/week,was associated with a 2.7-fold (OR= 2.65, 95% CI 1.36, 5.14) (p= 0.004) higher likelihood of having breast cancer, while daily intake increased the likelihood by a 2.8-fold (OR = 2.81, 95% CI 1.13, 6.96) (p = 0.026), after various adjustments made. Red, white and grilled meat intake was not significantly associated with the outcome when the same adjustments were made.This study suggested that only daily processed-meat intake was consistently associated with increased odds of breast-cancer.

authors

  • Mourouti, Niki
  • Kontogianni, Meropi D
  • Papavagelis, Christos
  • Plytzanopoulou, Petrini
  • Vassilakou, Tonia
  • Psaltopoulou, Theodora
  • Malamos, Nikolaos
  • Linos, Athena
  • Panagiotakos, Demosthenes B

publication date

  • February 2015