Validity of dietary patterns derived in nutrition surveys usinga priorianda posteriorimultivariate statistical methods Academic Article uri icon


  • To evaluate the validity of dietary patterns derived using both a priori and a posteriori methods.Five hundred individuals (46 ± 16 years, 40% males) completed a valid 76-food item food frequency questionnaire and a 3-day dairy. The MedDietScore was used to a priori assess the adherence to the Mediterranean diet, while principal components and cluster analysis were used as the a posteriori methods.Both the a priori and a posteriori methods used led to relatively low-validity dietary patterns. However, the level of validity reached significance in many cases and, also, varied by the type of validation method used (i.e. Bland and Altman, non-parametric criteria, etc.).The aforementioned findings may suggest that the use of both a priori and a posteriori pattern analysis in nutrition surveys should be made with conscious thought and further research is needed in order to establish robust methodologies to assess the validity of patterns.

publication date

  • September 2011