The main cause of the multidrug resistance (MDR) of glioma cells is the overexpression of MRP-1, often associated with high levels of glutathione (GSH). We investigated whether MRP-1-related GSH content can influence (99m)Tc-glucarate entry by comparing its uptake with that of (99m)Tc-sestamibi (MIBI), an MRP- 1 probe, in an in vitro model of a sensitive cell line (U-87-MG) and a resistant derived cell line expressing MRP-1 (U-87-MG-R). Drug resistance was assessed by immunoblotting, GSH measurement, and Alamar Blue assay. To correlate MDR phenotype with tracer accumulation, uptakes were performed with and without modulators and after GSH depletion. Similar accumulation of (99m)Tc-glucarate was observed in the two cell lines, and the use of MDR reversals did not enhance its uptake. Our results clearly demonstrate that (99m)Tc-glucarate uptake is not related to MRP-1 expression or GSH levels. In contrast, (99m)Tc- MIBI accumulation is inversely proportional to the cell MDR phenotype. The combination of (99m)Tc-glucarate and (99m)Tc-MIBI may be a useful tool for the noninvasive detection of malignant sites and their chemoresistance status.