Phase Formation and Electrical Transport Properties of Nano-Sized SnO2 Added (Tl0.85Cr0.15)Sr2CaCu2O7-δ Superconductors Academic Article uri icon


  • In this work, the effect of nano-sized SnO2 addition on the phase formation and electrical transport properties of (Tl0.85Cr0.15)Sr2CaCu2O7-δ (Tl-1212) superconductor was investigated. Thallium-based high temperature superconductor (HTS) with nominal starting composition (Tl0.85Cr0.15) Sr2CaCu2O7-δ was prepared using high purity oxide powders via solid state reaction method. Nano-sized SnO2 with 0.01 – 0.05 wt.% were added into Tl-1212 superconductors. The characteristic of the samples were determined by powder X-ray diffraction method (XRD), scanning electron microscopy (SEM), energy dispersive X-Ray analysis (EDX), electrical resistance measurements and transport critical current density measurements. Nano-sized SnO2 added (Tl0.85Cr0.15)Sr2CaCu2O7-δ showed Tc-zero between 93 and 95 K. All of the samples indicated a dominant phase of Tl-1212 with a minor phase of Tl-1201. The highest Jc (at 77 K) was shown by sample with 0.03 wt.% at 3260 mA/cm2. SnO2 has significantly enhanced the transport critical current density of Tl-1212 superconductor by acting as flux pinning centers. However, further addition of nano-sized SnO2 in Tl-1212 superconductor caused degradation in Jc. The SEM micrographs with energy dispersive X-Ray analysis (EDX) showed that SnO2 were well distributed in all the samples.


  • Kong, Wei
  • Kong, Ing
  • Awang Kechik, Mohd Mustafa
  • Abd-Shukor, Roslan

publication date

  • 2017