Interplay between Notch and p53 promotes neuronal cell death in ischemic stroke Academic Article uri icon

abstract

  • Stroke is the world's second leading cause of mortality, with a high incidence of morbidity. Numerous neuronal membrane receptors are activated by endogenous ligands and may contribute to infarct development. Notch is a well-characterized membrane receptor involved in cell differentiation and proliferation, and now shown to play a pivotal role in cell death during ischemic stroke. Blockade of Notch signaling by inhibition of γ-secretase, an enzyme that generates the active form of Notch, is neuroprotective following stroke. We have also identified that Pin1, a peptidyl-prolyl isomerase that regulates p53 transactivation under stress, promotes the pathogenesis of ischemic stroke via Notch signaling. Moreover, Notch can also mediate cell death through a p53-dependent pathway, resulting in apoptosis of neural progenitor cells. The current study has investigated the interplay between Notch and p53 under ischemic stroke conditions. Using pharmacological inhibitors, we have demonstrated that a Notch intracellular domain (NICD)/p53 interaction is involved in transcriptional regulation of genes downstream of p53 and NICD to modify stroke severity. Furthermore, the NICD/p53 interaction confers stability to p53 by rescuing it from ubiquitination. Together, these results indicate that Notch contributes to the pathogenesis of ischemic stroke by promoting p53 stability and signaling.

authors

  • Balaganapathy, Priyanka
  • Baik, Sang-Ha
  • Mallilankaraman, Karthik
  • Sobey, Christopher G
  • Jo, Dong-Gyu
  • Arumugam, Thiruma V

publication date

  • 2018