C-reactive protein as a predictor of cardiovascular risk in HIV-infected individuals Academic Article uri icon

abstract

  • Background In some studies HIV infection confers approximately two-fold higher risk of cardiac events compared with the general population. C-reactive protein (CRP) is a well-characterised biomarker of cardiac events in the general population and is also elevated in patients with HIV infection. The aim of this study was to determine the predictive value of CRP for cardiac events in HIV-infected individuals. Methods: We retrospectively analysed CRP levels in stored plasma samples from HIV-infected patients who did or did not experience a coronary event in a case-controlled manner. All CRP measurements were performed using a high-sensitivity assay (hs-CRP). Results: Of the study participants with samples available, we found slightly elevated hs-CRP levels in the cardiac cases (median 3.5, IQR 1.6–14.4, n=23) compared with controls (median 2.6, IQR1.2–8.3, n=49) which were shown to not be statistically significant P=0.20. Analysis of CRP as a binary variable (≥5 mg L–1) was also not statistically significant (OR: 1.32, 95% CI 0.48–3.63). Conclusions: CRP levels may indicate elevated risk of future cardiac events, however this must be interpreted with caution due to the generalised elevation of CRP during HIV infection. CRP has no predictive value for atherosclerosis, and further research is required to improve early prediction of cardiovascular disease in HIV infection.

authors

  • Westhorpe, Clare LV
  • Schneider, Hans G
  • Dunne, Mandy
  • Middleton, Tracey
  • Sundararajan, Vijaya
  • Spelman, Tim
  • Carter, Vanessa
  • Crowe, Suzanne M
  • Dart, Anthony
  • Mijch, Anne
  • Kotsanas, Despina
  • Woolley, Ian

publication date

  • 2014