Influencia de la obesidad y la ganancia de peso sobre la calidad de vida según el SF-36 en individuos de la cohorte dinámica Seguimiento Universidad de Navarra = The influence of obesity and weight gain on quality of life according to the SF-36 for individuals of the dynamic follow-up cohort of the University of Navarra
BACKGROUND:The health-related quality of life is an important element for the comprehensive assessment of overweight and obesity. OBJECTIVE:To assess the impact of obesity and weight gain on the health-related quality of life of the dynamic cohort of the Follow-up Program of the University of Navarra. MATERIAL AND METHODS:The analysis included 10,033 participants of the prospective dynamic cohort of the Follow-up Project of the University of Navarra, with a response rate of approximately 90%. The quality of life was measured with the Short Form 36 Health Survey (SF-36) (0, worst quality of life; 100, best quality of life). The statistical analysis was performed with generalized lineal models (mean of each SF-36 domain and 95% CI). A difference of 3 points was considered clinically relevant. RESULTS:The SF-36 analysis showed that physical function, general health and the physical component summary were inferior in individuals with excess weight and obesity at the start of the study, compared with individuals with normal weight. The study population with unchanged excess weight or obesity after 2 years of follow-up presented lower scores on the SF-36 domains corresponding to physical function, body pain, physical component summary and general health than individuals who maintained the normal weight category according to BMI (kg/m2). CONCLUSIONS:Obesity appears to be associated with a negative impact on health-related quality of life, affecting the physical area more significantly than the psychosocial.