Effects of periodontal treatment on exacerbation frequency and lung function in patients with chronic periodontitis: study protocol of a 1-year randomized controlled trial Academic Article uri icon

abstract

  • Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) has been associated with periodontal disease (PD), and periodontal treatment (PT) has been connected to reduction of lung disease exacerbations. Bronchiectasis has many clinical similarities with COPD but, although it is also a chronic lung disease, to date it has not been studied with relation to PD. The aim of this study is to evaluate whether PT associated with photodynamic therapy (PDT) reduces the number of exacerbations, improves pulmonary function, periodontal clinical parameters and quality of life after 1 year of periodontal treatment follow-up.Bronchiectasis patients will undergo medical anamnesis and periodontal examination. Participants with periodontitis will be divided into two groups and PT will be performed as G1 control group (n = 32) - OHO (oral hygiene orientation) + supragingival treatment + simulation of using photodynamic therapy (PDT); G2 experimental (n = 32) - scaling and root planing + PDT + OHO. Lung function will be assessed both at baseline and after 1 year by spirometry, exacerbation history will be analyzed through clinical records monitoring. Three instruments for quality of life assessment will also be applied - Saint George's Respiratory Questionnaire and Impact Profile Analysis Oral health (OHIP-14). It is expected that periodontal treatment can improve the analyzed parameters after 1 year.Although only one study evaluates exacerbation in COPD after 1 year of PT, bronchiectasis has not been studied in the dentistry field to date.NCT02514226. Version #1. This study protocol receives grant from FAPESP (São Paulo Research Foundation) #2015/20535-1. First received: July 22, 2015, 1st version. This protocol has been approved by the Research Ethics Committee of Nove de Julho University.

authors

  • Santos, Sergio Romero
  • Pinto, Erika Horácio
  • Longo, Priscila Larcher
  • Dal Corso, Simone
  • Lanza, Fernanda Cordoba
  • Stelmach, Rafael
  • Rached, Samia Zahi
  • Lino-dos-Santos-Franco, Adriana
  • Mayer, Marcia Pinto Alves
  • Bussadori, Sandra Kalil
  • Fernandes, Kristianne Porta Santos
  • Mesquita-Ferrari, Raquel Agnelli
  • Horliana, Anna Carolina Ratto Tempestini

publication date

  • December 2017