A cross-sectional survey of general practice health workers’ perceptions of their provision of culturally competent services to ethnic minority people with diabetes Academic Article uri icon

abstract

  • AIMS:To explore General Practice teams cultural-competence, in particular, ethnicity, linguistic skillset and cultural awareness. The practice teams' access to diabetes-training, and overall perception of cultural-competence were also assessed. METHODS:A cross-sectional single-city-survey with one in three people with diabetes from an ethnic minority group, using 35 semi-structured questions was completed. Self-reported data analysed using descriptive statistics, interpreted with reference to the Culturally-Competent-Assessment-Tool. RESULTS:Thirty-four (52%) of all 66 practices in Coventry responded between November 2011 and January 2012. KEY FINDINGS:(1) One in five practice staff was from a minority group in contrast with one in ten of Coventry's population, (2) 164 practice staff (32%) spoke a second language relevant to the practice's minority population, (3) 56% of practices were highly culturally-competent at providing diabetes services for minority populations, (4) 94% of practices reported the ethnicity of their populations, and (5) the most frequently stated barriers to culturally-competent service delivery were language and knowledge of nutritional habits. CONCLUSIONS:Culturally-competent diabetes care is widespread across the city. Language barriers are being addressed, cultural knowledge of diabetes-related-nutrition requires further improvement. Further studies should investigate if structured cultural-competence training for diabetes service providers produces positive effects in diabetes-related outcome-measures in minority populations.

publication date

  • 2018