We describe our experience with routinely capturing and analyzing Mediterranean diet data via structured clinical documentation support tools built into the electronic medical record and describe adherence to the Mediterranean diet in patients at risk for either stroke or dementia in a US neurology clinical practice.The Mediterranean diet is associated with a reduced risk of stroke and dementia. The Department of Neurology at NorthShore University HealthSystem routinely evaluates patients at initial and annual outpatient visits using structured clinical documentation support (SCDS) tools built into the electronic medical record (EMR). For patient evaluations in our Vascular Neurology and Brain Health subspecialty clinics, SCDS tools in the EMR include the validated 14-item questionnaire for Mediterranean diet adherence (PREvención con DIeta MEDiterránea [PREDIMED]) that autoscores, auto-interprets, writes to the progress note, and electronically captures data. Our study population includes patients seen at these clinics from July 1, 2015, through November 29, 2017.At their initial office visit, 25.5% (95/373) of Brain Health patients scored 10 or more points ("strongly adherent") on the PREDIMED (median, 8; range, 0-14) whereas 6.7% (55/829) of Vascular Neurology patients achieved a score of 10 or more points (median, 6; range, 0-12). By contrast, 34.7% (2586/7447) of individuals in the original PREDIMED cohort were strongly adherent to the Mediterranean diet.PREDIMED scores can be electronically captured to tailor nutrition interventions by assessing baseline adherence at the time of their initial neurology clinic visit. Patients in our Midwestern US clinics were weakly adherent to the Mediterranean diet. This suggests a major opportunity for nutrition intervention and education in US neurology clinical practices, toward preserving and improving brain health.