Limited data about homicide in Australia have been published. Data on homicide occurring in the state of Victoria, Australia, are presented. Since 1945 there has been a doubling of the population and an increase in the rate of homicide. The most common method of killing was shooting, and most homicide victims were known to their assailants. Male assailants far outnumber female assailants. Men are the most frequent victims, but female victims far outnumber female assailants. The data are compared with data on other Australian states and published data from other countries.