CFU-Mix are no better than CFU-GM in predicting hemopoietic reconstitutive capacity of peripheral blood stem cells collected in the very early remission phase of acute nonlymphoblastic leukemia
High levels of circulating myeloid progenitor cells (CFU-GM) occur during the very early remission phase of acute nonlymphoblastic leukemia (ANLL). Autologous stem cell rescue using blood cells collected during this phase has shown that successful hemopoietic reconstitution can be achieved, but a higher CFU-GM dose appears to be required than when bone marrow cells are used. This suggests that during very early remission, the level of marrow repopulating pluripotent stem cells (PSC) in blood does not undergo the same amount of increase as does the CFU-GM. This study set out to determine whether the levels of the multilineage progenitor cell (CFU-Mix) would be better indicators of the PSC in these cells than the CFU-GM. Serial peripheral blood CFU-Mix and CFU-GM measurements were carried out in six ANLL patients during very early remission. The levels of peripheral blood CFU-Mix showed a mean 12-fold increase, as compared to a mean 20-fold increase in the CFU-GM. The timing of the increase in the CFU-Mix paralleled that of the CFU-GM. These findings suggest that the CFU-Mix is no better than the CFU-GM in predicting PSC levels during very early remission of ANLL, and is closer to the CFU-GM than to the PSC in ontogeny.