A new multiplex PCR system, developed by the Forensic Science Service (FSS) in the United Kingdom, permits the coamplification and typing of six short tandem repeat (STR) loci: HUMFGA, D8S1179, HUMTHO1, HUMvWA, D18S51, D21S11 and the sex determining marker Amelogenin. Data are presented on these six STRs for two populations in the state of Victoria, Australia: Caucasian and Asian. Whilst several worldwide databases are already available for the STR loci HUMTHO1 and HUMvWA, only relatively few databases exist for D8S1179, D18S51, D21S11 and HUMFGA. Allele frequencies at each locus displayed some fluctuations between the two populations. This is particularly so for HUMTHO1. Generally, however, the most common allele at each locus was the same in all populations, at all loci. A novel D8S1179 allele was found in Asians, provisionally identified as allele 19. Results for the six loci were compared with similar data from three UK resident populations: Caucasian, Afro-Caribbean and Asian (Indian/Pakistani) populations. These indicated that ethnically similar populations display similar allele frequencies, while the Australian Asian and UK Afro-Caribbean were found to be distinct.