The ovine CD4 cDNA sequence from four sheep sources (Australian Merino, Indonesian Thin Tail, Canadian cross bred, Prealpes du sud) predicts a protein of 455 residues with position 130 in the V2 domain exhibiting a W instead of C suggesting that, like the white whale, dog and cat sequences, sheep CD4 contains only two disulphide bonds. The sequence shows 73% amino acid identity and 83% nucleotide identity to a CD4 sequence from the white whale and significant identity to a partial sequence (314 residues) of bovine CD4 (87% amino acid identity, 93% nucleotide identity). Phylogenetic analysis showed that the ovine CD4 sequence forms a clade with the pig, white whale, dolphin, dog and cat CD4. Two forms of ovine CD4 were identified which differ by a single base pair (T/C) in their cDNA sequence at position 622. This polymorphism is also present in sheep genomic DNA in Hardy-Weinberg equilibrium, suggesting that at least two alleles of CD4 exist in the ovine genome with no selection for a particular allele. This polymorphism changes the first codon position of amino acid 183 and results in a Pro/Ser substitution in the N-terminal region of domain 3 of the CD4 protein.