The application of Goal Management Training to aspects of financial management in individuals with traumatic brain injury Academic Article uri icon


  • Executive functions encompass planning, problem-solving and self-monitoring abilities, abilities that are implicit in goal attainment and often compromised in individuals with traumatic brain injury (TBI). Goal Management Training (GMT) is a theoretically based rehabilitation protocol that was developed to improve goal-directed behaviour. To date, there is evidence to support the efficacy of GMT in healthy older adults and in one previously high functioning individual with acquired brain injury. However, there is no evidence that, in individuals with TBI and severe cognitive impairments, GMT leads to sustained improvement on everyday tasks requiring planning and organisation. The current study was conducted to explore the efficacy of GMT in helping individuals with TBI to improve aspects of their day-to-day financial management. Four participants with severe TBI completed a modified GMT module. Outcomes were assessed using Goal Attainment Scaling. Five control participants were also recruited as a comparison group for the Multiple Errands Task which was used to measure generalisation. The outcomes in each case were variable. Overall the results showed that the structured GMT intervention assisted some TBI individuals to improve their performance on financial management tasks, with evidence of generalisation in some cases.

publication date

  • December 2012