OBJECTIVES:To provide epidemiological data and related costs for moderate-to-serious and serious injury claims for women's rugby union in New Zealand. DESIGN:A retrospective analytical review of injury entitlement claims for women's rugby from 2013 to 2017. METHODS:Data were analysed by year of competition, age, body site and injury type for total and moderate-to-severe (MSC) Accident Compensation Corporation (ACC) claims and costs. RESULTS:Over 2013 to 2017 there were 26,070 total claims for female rugby union costing $18,440,812 [AD$16,956,998]. The 15-19-year age group recorded 40% (n=1,009) of the total female rugby union Moderate-to-serious and serious (MSC) claims and 41% ($5,419,157 [AD$4,983,112]) of the total female rugby union MSC costs. The knee was the most commonly recorded injury site accounting for 40.3% (n=1,007) of MSC claims and 46.9% ($6,229,714 [AD$5,728732]) of MSC costs with an average cost of $1,245,943 ±$217,796 [AD$595,351 ±AD$104,070] per-year for female rugby union. CONCLUSIONS:This is the first study to report the nature and related costs for moderate-to-serious and serious injury claims for women's rugby union in New Zealand. A total of 26,070 injury claims were lodged over the duration of the study but only 9.6% (n=2,501) of these were classified as MSC injury entitlement claims. Participants 25 years and older accounted for 31% of the female rugby union player claims. Females in the over 35-year age groups compete against younger participants which may account for the higher mean cost per-claim seen as the age groups increase in years until they retire from the game.