Arginase upregulation is associated with aging and cardiovascular diseases. In this study we report on the cardiovascular phenotype of the arginase II knockout (KO) mouse. We demonstrate that vascular sensitivity and reactivity altered over time in these animals such that no influence on responses to vasoconstrictor activity was observed in 7-week-old KO mice, but dampened responses to norepinephrine and phenylephrine were observed by 10 and 15 weeks with Rho kinase influencing these effects in the 15-week-old animals. Despite these dampened vasoconstrictory responses, KO mice demonstrated increased mean arterial pressure from 8 weeks old. This hypertensive phenotype was associated with an increase in left ventricular weight, left ventricular systolic pressure, and diminished diastolic function. KO mice also show enhanced plasma norepinephrine turnover, suggesting an increased sympathetic outflow. In conclusion, our data suggest that global loss of arginase II activity results in hypertension. We suggest that this strain of mouse warrants further investigation as a potentially novel model of hypertension.