Background The prognostic impact of jeopardized myocardium ( JM ) in patients with advanced ischemic cardiomyopathy ( ICM ) is unclear. We hypothesized that JM is an independent predictor of mortality in patients with advanced ICM . Methods and Results Patients with ICM who underwent cardiac magnetic resonance imaging between January 2002 and January 2013 were included in our study. JM was identified as a vascular territory with <50% myocardial scarring on cardiac magnetic resonance imaging and with >70% stenosis in a major coronary vessel that was not subsequently revascularized. A propensity score was developed for revascularization. A multivariable Cox proportional hazards model was used to evaluate the association of JM with all-cause mortality. We evaluated 631 patients over a mean follow-up of 5.1 years. Overall, 336 patients underwent subsequent revascularization during the follow-up period, among whom 23% had remaining JM , while 295 patients were medically treated (57% with JM ). There were 204 deaths (32%). On multivariable analysis, JM (hazard ratio, 1.88; 95% confidence interval, 1.38-2.55 [ P<0.001]) was independently associated with all-cause mortality after adjusting for multiple other factors. The risk associated with the presence of JM increased by 5% for every 10-unit increase in left ventricular end-systolic volume index. Conclusions JM is an independent and incremental predictor of mortality in patients with advanced ICM . Patients undergoing revascularization with residual JM had similar risk of mortality compared with medically treated patients with JM . The risk associated with JM significantly increased in the presence of worsening adverse left ventricular remodeling. Cardiac magnetic resonance viability assessment may provide important risk stratification in patients with ICM .