This review integrates a series of studies conducted examining memory retrieval processes in the day-old chick. On the basis of these studies it is proposed that two processes are activated following retrieval of a memory. The first is an immediate memory recall or retrieval mechanism responsible for the chick's ability to remember the information and respond appropriately to the stimulus. The second process is activated following the completion of the first immediate retrieval phase. Further, it is proposed that the function of this secondary phase may be to allow for the modification of a memory undergoing storage processes. It is proposed that the processes of memory formation and memory retrieval are parallel at a cellular level, but at the functional level of information transfer they are interdependent.