Saliva is easily obtainable from a large number of animals in a noninvasive manner and contains a wide diversity of compounds including hormones, metabolites, and proteins that may be a good source of biomarkers of health and disease. Here we have used a combination of multidimensional prefractionation, targeted, and glycocapture methodologies to profile the bovine salivary proteome. The nontargeted approach used four different separation methodologies consisting of SDS-PAGE, Off-gel fractionation, RP-HPLC, and SCX-HPLC. In the targeted approach, we've employed a hypothesis-based methodology by only selecting extracellular proteins from in silico data. Finally, the hydrazide capture methodology not only enabled us to identify formerly N-linked glycoproteins but it also provided a selective enrichment process for the identification of low abundance proteins. Together, the three different approaches identified 402 salivary proteins and 45 N-linked glycoproteins. A large number of these proteins have previously been uncharacterized in bovine saliva. To date, this is the largest global survey of the bovine salivary proteome and expands the potential of the diagnostic utility of this fluid to guide development of experiments seeking biomarkers for health traits (i.e., disease resistance) as well as feed conversion efficiency and productivity traits in dairy and beef cattle.