Prostaglandin binding activity and myoblast fusion in aggregates of avian myoblasts Academic Article uri icon

abstract

  • Myoblast aggregates provide a system for studying cell interactions which have several advantages over standard, stationary cultures. In gyrotory rotation, aggregate size can be controlled and is independent of cell migration. In muscle aggregates, fibroblasts are excluded, yet myoblast differentiation and fusion occur in a highly synchronous fashion. Specific PG binding occurs in chick or quail myoblast aggregates: in chick the peak of binding is at 35-36 hr. Aggregation is complete 16 hr before PG binding activity appears. This suggests either that gyrotory aggregation is not identical to myoblast recognition, or that PG binding activity occurs subsequent to myoblast recognition. Myoblast aggregates begin to release PG before 18 hr. The amount detected remains constant until binding begins at 34 hr when PG binding to the aggregates begins. Thus, both the release of PG and PG receptor activity are characteristics of the myoblasts and release of prostaglandin precedes appearance of the binding activity. As a first step in identifying the PG receptor and determining its appearance on the myoblast cell surface, we have prepared antisera against myoblast surfaces which blocks receptor-ligand interaction and have absorbed it against both peripheral and intrinsic membrane fractions. The results indicate that the PG receptor is a myoblast peripheral membrane macromolecule.

authors

  • Hausman, RE
  • Dobi, ET
  • Woodford, EJ
  • Petrides, S
  • Ernst, M
  • Nichols, EB

publication date

  • January 1986