Amyloid Precursor Protein Mediates Neuronal Protection from Rotenone Toxicity Academic Article uri icon


  • Mitochondrial complex I dysfunction is the most common respiratory chain defect in human disorders and a hotspot for neurodegenerative diseases. Amyloid precursor protein (APP) and its non-amyloidogenic processing products, in particular soluble APP α (sAPPα), have been shown to provide neuroprotection in models of neuronal injury; however, APP-mediated protection from acute mitochondrial injury has not been previously reported. Here, we use the plant-derived pesticide rotenone, a potent complex I-specific mitochondrial inhibitor, to discover neuroprotective effects of APP and sAPPα in vitro, in neuronal cell lines over-expressing APP, and in vivo, in a retinal neuronal rotenone toxicity mouse model. Our results show that APP over-expression is protective against rotenone toxicity in neurons via sAPPα through an autocrine/paracrine mechanism that involves the Pi3K/Akt pro-survival pathway. APP-/- mice exhibit greater susceptibility to retinal rotenone toxicity, while intravitreal delivery of sAPPα reduces inner retinal neuronal death in wild-type mice following rotenone challenge. We also show a significant decrease in human retinal expression of APP with age. These findings provide insights into the therapeutic potential of non-amyloidogenic processing of APP in complex I-related neurodegeneration.


  • Cimdins, K
  • Waugh, HS
  • Chrysostomou, V
  • Lopez Sanchez, MIG
  • Johannsen, VA
  • Cook, MJ
  • Crowston, JG
  • Hill, Andrew F
  • Duce, JA
  • Bush, AI
  • Trounce, IA

publication date

  • 2019

has subject area