In TNF-stimulated Cells, RIPK1 Promotes Cell Survival by Stabilizing TRAF2 and cIAP1, which Limits Induction of Non-canonical NF-κB and Activation of Caspase-8 Academic Article uri icon


  • RIPK1 is involved in signaling from TNF and TLR family receptors. After receptor ligation, RIPK1 not only modulates activation of both canonical and NIK-dependent NF-κB, but also regulates caspase-8 activation and cell death. Although overexpression of RIPK1 can cause caspase-8-dependent cell death, when RIPK1(-/-) cells are exposed to TNF and low doses of cycloheximide, they die more readily than wild-type cells, indicating RIPK1 has pro-survival as well as pro-apoptotic activities. To determine how RIPK1 promotes cell survival, we compared wild-type and RIPK1(-/-) cells treated with TNF. Although TRAF2 levels remained constant in TNF-treated wild-type cells, TNF stimulation of RIPK1(-/-) cells caused TRAF2 and cIAP1 to be rapidly degraded by the proteasome, which led to an increase in NIK levels. This resulted in processing of p100 NF-κB2 to p52, a decrease in levels of cFLIP(L), and activation of caspase-8, culminating in cell death. Therefore, the pro-survival effect of RIPK1 is mediated by stabilization of TRAF2 and cIAP1.


  • Gentle, Ian E
  • Wong, W Wei-Lynn
  • Evans, Joseph M
  • Bankovacki, Alexandra
  • Cook, Wendy D
  • Khan, Nufail R
  • Nachbur, Ulrich
  • Rickard, James
  • Anderton, Holly
  • Moulin, Maryline
  • Lluis, Josep Maria
  • Moujalled, Donia M
  • Silke, John
  • Vaux, David L

publication date

  • April 15, 2011

has subject area