Mammalian mitochondrial IAP binding proteins Academic Article uri icon


  • Four mitochondrial proteins have been identified that immunoprecipitate with the mammalian inhibitor of apoptosis (IAP) protein XIAP. Each of them interacts via a processed amino terminus that resembles those of the insect pro-apoptotic IAP binding proteins Grim, HID, Reaper, and Sickle. Two, Diablo/Smac and HrtA2/Omi, have been extensively characterized. Both Diablo and HtrA2 can bind to IAPs and promote apoptosis when over-expressed in transfected cells, but unlike the insect IAP antagonists, to date there is scant evidence that they are important regulators of apoptosis in more physiological circumstances.

publication date

  • May 2003