Differential expression of toll-like receptor mRNA in selected tissues of goat (Capra hircus) Academic Article uri icon


  • Pattern recognition receptors (PRRs) expressed by various immune cells and tissues have been shown to play a pivotal role in the recognition of pathogens by the host. The present study was carried out to identify toll-like receptors (TLRs) 1-10 mRNA in goat peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) and selected tissues including jejunum, lung, lymph node, skin, spleen and uterus using reverse transcriptase polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR). Our results confirm earlier reports regarding the evolutionarily conserved nature of these receptors as successful amplification of the goat TLR mRNAs could be obtained with bovine TLR mRNA-specific primers. The partial sequences of the purified TLR PCR amplicons had 93.8-99.7% nucleotide identity with sheep TLR cDNA sequences available in the GenBank. Semi-quantification of the expression levels of the TLR mRNAs was done using densitometric analysis of band intensities. All the TLR mRNAs (1-10) were expressed in high amounts in the lymph node while spleen showed lower expression of TLR 6 and 10 mRNAs. PBMC and lung expressed all TLR mRNAs in high amounts except TLR 10 mRNA. In uterus and jejunum, lower expression of TLR 3, 4 and 10 mRNAs was seen. Skin had the lowest repertoire of TLR mRNA expression with lower or no expression of TLR 2, 3, 4, 8, 9 and 10 mRNAs. Another interesting observation was that tissues such as uterus, lung and skin that exhibited lower levels of TLR 2 had higher levels of TLR 6 mRNAs.


  • Sakthivel, Dhana
  • Tirumurugaan, KG
  • Dhanasekaran, S
  • Raj, G Dhinakar
  • Raja, A
  • Kumanan, K
  • Ramaswamy, V

publication date

  • February 2010