Case studies of adults with central auditory processing disorder: Shifting the spotlight! Academic Article uri icon

abstract

  • Vast literature exists detailing the identification and management of central auditory processing disorder in children: however, less information is available regarding central auditory processing disorder in the adult population. This study aimed to document the diagnostic and management procedure for adults presenting at a multidisciplinary clinic due to concerns regarding their listening and central auditory processing skills. This retrospective study was a case file audit of two adults (a male, aged 37 years and a female, aged 44 years) who presented at a multidisciplinary (audiology and speech pathology) clinic for a hearing and central auditory processing evaluation. Both participants completed a case history questionnaire and were then interviewed with results being documented in their file. Participants were evaluated by a dually qualified audiologist-speech pathologist on a battery of peripheral hearing tests (including pure-tone threshold audiometry, immittance measures and speech tests), central auditory processing assessments (including monaural low redundancy, dichotic listening and temporal processing tests) and evaluation of short-term auditory memory skills. Participants were self-referred, never having been assessed previously for central auditory processing disorder, yet had perceived heightened difficulty with processing information; having conversations (particularly in noisy work or social environments) and remembering information, resulting in a range of psychosocial responses. Following diagnosis of central auditory processing disorder, participants undertook an individualized short-term aural rehabilitation program as dictated by their needs and preferences. Post-program participants perceived better ability to listen and process information even in adverse listening conditions. They reported that their newly learned skills improved their work abilities and social participation leading to positive outcomes. Medical and other allied health professionals should consider the possibility of presentation of central auditory processing disorder in adulthood and make appropriate referrals for central auditory processing testing to facilitate diagnosis and appropriate intervention. Aural rehabilitation should be considered for adults newly diagnosed with central auditory processing disorder.

publication date

  • January 12, 2019