Human Y Chromosome, Sex Determination, and Spermatogenesis—A Feminist View1 Academic Article uri icon


  • In this review I want to argue that, far from being a macho entity with an all-powerful role in male development, the human Y chromosome is a "wimp." It is merely a relic of the X chromosome, and most or all of the genes it bears-including the genes that determine sex and control spermatogenesis-are relics of genes on the X chromosome that have other functions altogether.

publication date

  • September 1, 2000