The four genes IGF2, H19, SNRPN and ZNF127 are imprinted in mouse and human. IGF2 and H19 form one conserved cluster on the distal part of mouse chromosome 7 and human chromosome 11p15.5, whereas SNRPN and ZNF127 form another on the middle of mouse chromosome 7 and on human chromosome 15q11-13. We have explored the evolution of these imprinted regions by cloning and mapping IGF2, H19, SNRPN and ZNF127 homeologues in marsupials. Specifically, we wished to determine whether the arrangements were shared in eutherian and marsupial mammals, and to determine whether they lay on autosomes, or on the X, as might be predicted by the hypothesis that imprinting evolved from X inactivation. Using fluorescence in situ hybridization, we localized the marsupial homeologues of IGF2 and H19 to the distal part of tammar wallaby chromosome 2p and the marsupial homeologues of SNRPN and ZNF127 to the middle of chromosome 1q. Thus, these genes were originally organized in two separate autosomal clusters in the therian ancestor 180 million years ago, the conservation of which may suggest a functional relationship. The autosomal location of these clusters does not suggest a recent evolutionary relationship between imprinting and X chromosome inactivation.