Analytic solutions for calcium ion fertilisation waves on the surface of eggs. Academic Article uri icon

abstract

  • Abstract The evolution of calcium fertilisation waves on the cortex of amphibian eggs can be described by a nonlinear reaction-diffusion process on the surface of a sphere. Here, we use the nonclassical symmetry technique to find an exact analytic solution that describes the evolution of the calcium concentration. The solutions presented compare well with published experimental results. The analytic solution can be used to give insight into the processes governing the fertilisation wave, such as the flow of calcium ions from the sperm entry point. By finding a spiral solution to an approximate equation linearised near saturation, we also demonstrate how solutions with other properties may be constructed using this technique.

publication date

  • 2019