The WHO ICD-10-AM Pastoral Intervention Codings within religious, pastoral and spiritual care research: A summary report and submission for the World Health Organization Report uri icon


  • This report has also been published as: "The utility of the WHO ICD-10-AM 'Pastoral Intervention Codings' within religious, pastoral and spiritual care research", Journal of Religion and Health. New York: Springer, (refer Researchgate). Abstract: The World Health Organization (WHO) ‘Pastoral Intervention Codings’ were first released in 2002 as part of the ‘International Statistical Classification of Diseases and Related Health Problems’ (WHO, 1992). The purpose of the WHO pastoral intervention codings (colloquially abbreviated as ‘WHO-PICs’) were to record and account for the religious, pastoral and / or spiritual interventions of chaplains and volunteers providing care to patients and other clients experiencing religious and/or spiritual health and well-being issues. The intent of such codings was to provide information in five WHO priority areas: statistical, research, clinical, education and policy. The purpose of this paper predominantly accounts for research although it does intersect and relate to other WHO priorities. Over the past ten years, research by the current and associated authors to test the efficacy of the WHO-PICs has been implemented in a number of different health (e.g., acute care, mental health) and welfare contexts (e.g., military, prison, community facilities) that have engaged chaplaincy personnel. In summary, while the WHO-PICs are yet to be more widely utilised internationally, the codings have largely proven to be valuable indices appropriate to a variety of contexts. Research utilising the WHO-PICs however, has also revealed the necessity for a number of changes and inclusions to be implemented. Recommendations concerning the future utilization of the WHO-PICs are made, as are recommendations for these codings to be further developed and promoted by the WHO so as to more accurately record religious, pastoral and spiritual interventions

publication date

  • 2014