Intensity-dependent effects of acute submaximal exercise on the pharmacokinetics of bromsulphalein in horses Academic Article uri icon


  • OBJECTIVE: To determine the effects of acute exercise on hepatic blood flow by studying hepatic clearance of bromsulphalein for several submaximal exercise intensities. ANIMALS: 8 adult Standardbred mares. PROCEDURE: Horses were subjected to 4 submaximal exercise intensities (resting and 40, 60, and 80% maximal oxygen consumption). After horses had been running at the required treadmill speed for 1 minute, bromsulphalein (BSP; 5 mg/kg of body weight, IV) was administered during a 45- to 60-second period, and horses continued at the desired speed for an additional 15 minutes. Blood samples were collected at 2-minute intervals for 30 minutes, and plasma concentration of BSP was determined by spectrophotometry. Estimates of pharmacokinetic variables were compared among the 4 exercise intensities, using a Friedman repeated-measures analysis on ranks and linear regression. RESULTS: Median values for clearance of BSP from blood and plasma decreased significantly with exercise and was linearly related to exercise intensity. Exercise-induced differences were not detected in the volume of distribution of BSP. Elimination half-life of BSP increased significantly with increasing exercise intensity and was linearly related to exercise intensity. CONCLUSIONS: Acute submaximal exercise has a dramatic effect on clearance of BSP in horses. Presumably, exercise-induced decreases in splanchnic blood flow limit blood flow to the liver, decreasing hepatic clearance of BSP and leading to persistence of plasma concentrations of BSP. CLINICAL IMPLICATIONS: Drugs that are efficiently extracted by the liver may have decreased hepatic clearance when horses exercise at submaximal intensities.

publication date

  • November 1, 1998