The pharmacokinetics of furosemide were investigated in anaesthetized horses with bilateral ureteral ligation (BUL) with (n = 5) or without (n = 5) premedication with phenylbutazone. Horses were administered an intravenous (i.v.) bolus dose of furosemide (1 mg/kg) approximately 60-90 min after BUL. Plasma samples collected up to 3 h after drug administration were analysed by a validated high performance liquid chromatography method. Median plasma clearance (CLp) of furosemide in anaesthetized horses with BUL was 1.4 mL/min/kg. Apparent steady state volume of distribution (Vd(ss)) ranged from 169 to 880 mL/kg and the elimination half life (t1/2) ranged from 83 min to 209 h. No differences in plasma concentration or kinetic parameter estimates were observed when phenylbutazone was administered before furosemide administration. BUL markedly reduces the elimination of furosemide in horses and models the potential effects that severe changes in kidney function may have on drug kinetics in horses.