Unraveling the transcriptional complexity of compactness in sistan grape cluster Academic Article uri icon

abstract

  • Yaghooti grape of Sistan is the earliest ripening grape in Iran, harvested every May annually. It is adapted to dry conditions in Sistan region and its water requirement is less than the other grape cultivars. The transcriptional complexity of this grape was studied in three stages of cluster development. Totally, 24121 genes were expressed in different cluster development steps (step 1: cluster formation, step 2: berry formation, step 3: final size of cluster) of which 3040 genes in the first stage, 2381 genes in the second stage and 2400 genes in the third stage showed a significant increase in expression. GO analysis showed that when the clusters are ripening, the activity of the nucleus, cytoplasmic, cytosol, membrane and chloroplast genes in the cluster architecture cells decreases. In contrast, the activity of the endoplasmic reticulum, vacuole and extracellular region genes enhances. When Yaghooti grape is growing and developing, some of metabolic pathways were activated in the response to biotic and abiotic stresses. Gene co-expression network reconstruction showed that AGAMOUS is a key gene in compactness of Sistan grape cluster, because it influences on expression of GA gene which leads to increase cluster length and berries size.

publication date

  • 2018