Musculoskeletal conditions, such as hip pain are leading causes of pain and disability. Hip pain is the second most common cause of lower limb musculoskeletal pain, and is commonly seen in active individuals. Hip and groin pain may have intra-articular and extra-articular causes. Femoroacetabular impingement (FAI) syndrome and the associated pathologies are common intra-articular causes of hip and groin pain in active individuals. There are also a number of extra-articular causes of pain, which include musculotendinous conditions, extra-articular impingements and the clinical entities of groin pain described in the Doha agreement. This chapter will describe these, with a detailed focus on FAI syndrome. Specifically, it addresses: 1. What is and what causes FAI syndrome; 2. How do I diagnose FAI syndrome; and 3. What is the evidence-based approach to managing FAI syndrome?