Effectiveness of the Innsbruck Sensorimotor Activator and Regulator in improving saliva control in children with cerebral palsy Academic Article uri icon


  • The aim of this study was to determine the effectiveness of an intraoral appliance, the Innsbruck Sensorimotor Activator and Regulator (ISMAR), in improving drooling and eating skills in a group of children with cerebral palsy, and to determine which factors might indicate good candidates for this type of treatment. Eighteen children (13 males, five females; mean age 7 years 10 months, range 4 to 13 years) were selected. Measures of drooling and feeding skills were taken at baseline, at the completion of a 6-month control phase, and at two more 6-monthly time points after the ISMAR was fitted. Children varied greatly in both the length of time taken to tolerate wearing the ISMAR and duration for which the appliance was worn. Only six children (four females, two males) completed the full study. Their motor disabilities were athetosis (n=3), spastic quadriplegia (n=2), and hypotonia (n=1); four of the six children used a wheelchair for locomotion. None had epilepsy and none had greater than mild cognitive impairment. For these children drooling severity scores and eating and drinking skills improved significantly over the treatment period in comparison with the control phase. We conclude that the ISMAR remains a valid option in improving drooling in children and merits further study.


  • Johnson, Hilary M
  • Reid, Susan M
  • Hazard, Catherine J
  • Lucas, James O
  • Desai, Mala
  • Reddihough, Dinah S

publication date

  • January 2004