Adrenergic and 5-HT2 receptors on the same astroglial cell. A microspectrofluorimetric study on cytosolic Ca2+ responses in single cells in primary culture Academic Article uri icon

abstract

  • Noradrenaline (NA) or 5-hydroxytryptamine (5-HT) evoked cytosolic Ca2+ mobilization in single type 1 astrocytes in primary culture from the cerebral cortex of newborn rat. The Ca2+ indicator dye fura-2/AM was used in a microspectrofluorimetric system to visualize fluctuations in the intracellular Ca2+ concentration. Activation of the adrenergic receptors alpha 1, alpha 2 and beta, or activation of the 5-HT2 receptors elicited different responses of Ca2+ mobilization with different types of Ca2+ spikes or oscillations. Principally, 4 different types of Ca2+ responses could be obtained: a sharp spike, which declined back to baseline; an initial sharp spike, which declined to a smaller but sustained Ca2+ elevation; an initial sharp spike which declined and showed low amplitude oscillations; and a sharp spike which declined back to baseline with baseline oscillations. Applications of the alpha 2 adrenoceptor agonist clonidine to individual astroglial cells evoked Ca2+ transients mostly in young cultures (cultivated for 7-10 days), while applications of the alpha 1 adrenoceptor agonist phenylephrine evoked Ca2+ transients mostly in older cultures (17-21 days of cultivation). Applications of the beta adrenoceptor agonist isoproterenol evoked Ca2+ transients in both young and older cultures, however, more frequent in older cultures. The alpha 2 and beta receptor responses were dependent on external Ca2+ levels. The NA-evoked Ca2+ responses were seen in cultivated cells at all ages, but were more frequent in older cultures. Approximately 50% of the astroglial cells in 8 day old cultures responded to 5-HT with a cytosolic Ca2+ mobilization and 80% of the cells in 21 day old cultures responded.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)

publication date

  • November 1991