Pulmonary rehabilitation is a core aspect in the management of patients with chronic respiratory diseases. This paper describes a practical approach to establishing pulmonary rehabilitation for patients with non-COPD diagnoses using examples from the interstitial lung disease (ILD), pulmonary hypertension (PH), bronchiectasis and lung cancer patient populations. Aspects of pulmonary rehabilitation, including the rationale, patient selection, setting of programmes, patient assessment and training components (both exercise and non-exercise aspects), are discussed for these patient groups. Whilst there are many similarities in the rationale and application of pulmonary rehabilitation across these non-COPD populations, there are also many subtle differences, which are discussed in detail in this paper. With consideration of these factors, pulmonary rehabilitation programmes can be adapted to facilitate the inclusion of respiratory patients with non-COPD diagnoses.