PURPOSE:Clinical guidelines specify who should receive high-intensity statins; however, it is unclear how high-intensity statins are used in Australia. Our objective was to determine the demographic, clinical, and lifestyle factors associated with high-intensity statin therapy in Australia. METHODS:Data from the Australian Diabetes, Obesity and Lifestyle study collected in 2011-2012 were analyzed. High-, moderate-, and low-intensity statins were defined as use of statins at doses demonstrated to reduce low-density lipoprotein cholesterol levels by > 50, 30-50, and < 30%, respectively. Logistic regression was used to estimate adjusted odd ratios (ORs) and 95% confidence intervals (CIs) for factors associated with high- versus low-to-moderate-intensity statin therapy. RESULTS:Overall, 1108 (24%) study participants used a statin. Data on statin intensity were available for 1072 participants. The proportions of high-, moderate-, and low-intensity statin therapy were 32 (n = 341), 65 (n = 696), and 3% (n = 35), respectively. Overall, 51% of people with prior cardiovascular disease (CVD) used a high-intensity statin. In addition to prior CVD (OR = 3.34, 95% CI = 1.95-5.73), no (OR = 1.84, 95%CI 1.02-3.31) or insufficient physical activity (OR = 1.51, 95% CI = 1.01-2.25), obesity (OR = 1.87, 95% CI = 1.13-3.10), and consuming > 2 alcoholic drinks daily (OR = 1.66, 95% CI = 1.08-2.55) were associated with high versus low-to-moderate-intensity statin therapy. Conversely, age 65-74 vs. < 65 years was inversely associated with high-intensity statin therapy (OR = 0.62, 95% CI = 0.41-0.94). CONCLUSIONS:Prior CVD was the strongest factor associated with high-intensity statin therapy. Although the prevalence of CVD increases with age, older people were less likely to be treated with high-intensity statins.