Retinopathy in Persons With Impaired Glucose Metabolism: The Australian Diabetes Obesity and Lifestyle (AusDiab) Study Academic Article uri icon


  • PURPOSE: To describe risk factors and vascular disease associations of retinopathy in people with impaired glucose metabolism. DESIGN: Population-based cross-sectional study. METHODS: Retinal photographs taken of participants with impaired glucose tolerance and impaired fasting glucose were graded for retinopathy. Risk factors and cardiovascular outcomes were ascertained. RESULTS: Retinopathy was present in 69 (6.7%) of 1027 participants with impaired glucose tolerance or impaired fasting glucose. After multivariate adjustment, retinopathy was associated with prevalent stroke (odds ratio 4.2, 95% confidence interval, 1.8 to 9.7). CONCLUSIONS: Retinopathy is common in persons with impaired glucose metabolism and may be associated with prevalent stroke.


  • Wong, Tien Y
  • Barr, Elizabeth LM
  • Tapp, Robyn J
  • Harper, C Alex
  • Taylor, Hugh R
  • Zimmet, Paul Z
  • Shaw, Jonathan E

publication date

  • December 2005