Mediterranean alcohol-drinking pattern, low to moderate alcohol intake and risk of atrial fibrillation in the PREDIMED study Academic Article uri icon

abstract

  • BACKGROUND AND AIMS:There is ongoing controversy about the effect of a low to moderate alcohol consumption on atrial fibrillation (AF). Our aim is to assess the association between adherence to a Mediterranean alcohol drinking pattern and AF incidence. METHODS AND RESULTS:A total 6527 out of the 7447 participants in the PREDIMED trial met our inclusion criteria. A validated frequency food questionnaire was used to measure alcohol consumption. Participants were classified as non-drinkers, Mediterranean alcohol drinking pattern (MADP) (10-30 g/d in men and 5-15 g/day in women, preferably red wine consumption with low spirits consumption), low-moderate drinking (<30 g/day men y and < 15 g/day women), and heavy drinking. We performed multivariable Cox regression models to estimate hazard ratios (HR) with 95% confidence intervals (95% CI) of incident AF according to alcohol drinking patterns. After a mean follow up of 4.4 years, 241 new incident AF cases were confirmed. Alcohol consumption was not associated to AF incidence among low-moderate drinkers (HR: 0.96; 95%CI: 0.67-1.37), adherents to MADP (HR: 1.15 95%CI: 0.75-1.75), or heavy drinkers (HR: 0.92; 95%CI: 0.53-1.58), compared with non-drinkers. CONCLUSIONS:In a high cardiovascular risk adult population, a Mediterranean alcohol consumption pattern (low to moderate red wine consumption) was not associated with an increased incidence of AF. CLINICAL TRIALS:URL: http://www.controlled-trials.com. Unique identifier: ISRCTN35739639.

authors

  • Bazal, P
  • Gea, A
  • Martinez-Gonzalez, Miguel A
  • Salas-Salvadó, J
  • Asensio, EM
  • Muñoz-Bravo, C
  • Fiol, M
  • Muñoz, MA
  • Lapetra, J
  • Serra-Majem, LL
  • Pintó, X
  • González, JI
  • Becerra-Tomás, N
  • Fitó, M
  • Ros, E
  • Alonso-Gómez, A
  • Ruiz-Canela, M

publication date

  • 2019