Binding of fibrinogen to platelet integrin alphaIIbbeta3 mediates platelet aggregation, and thus inhibition of alphaIIbbeta3 represents a powerful therapeutic strategy in cardiovascular medicine. However, the currently used inhibitors of alphaIIbbeta3 demonstrate several adverse effects like thrombocytopenia and bleeding, which are associated with their property to bind to non-activated alphaIIbbeta3. To circumvent these problems, we designed blocking single-chain antibody-fragments (scFv) that bind to alphaIIbbeta3 exclusively in its activated conformation. Two naive phage libraries were created: a natural phage library, based on human lymphocyte cDNA, and a synthetic library, with randomized VHCDR3. We performed serial rounds of subtractive panning with depletion on non-activated and selection on activated alphaIIbbeta3, which were provided on resting and ADP-stimulated platelets and CHO cells, expressing wild-type or mutated and thereby activated alphaIIbbeta3. In contrast to isolated, immobilized targets, as generally used for phage display, this unique cell-based approach for panning allowed the preservation of functional integrin conformation. Thereby, we obtained several scFv-clones that demonstrated exclusive binding to activated platelets and complete inhibition of fibrinogen binding and platelet aggregation. Interestingly, all activation-specific clones contained an RXD pattern in the HCDR3. Binding studies on transiently expressed point mutants and mouse-human domain-switch mutants of alphaIIbbeta3 indicate a binding site similar to fibrinogen. In conclusion, we generated human activation-specific scFvs against alphaIIbbeta3, which bind selectively to activated alphaIIbbeta3 and thereby potently inhibit fibrinogen binding to alphaIIbbeta3 and platelet aggregation.