The GP IIb/IIIa inhibitor abciximab (c7E3) inhibits the binding of various ligands to the leukocyte integrin Mac-1 (CD11b/CD18, αMβ2) Academic Article uri icon

abstract

  • Cross-reactivity with integrins other than glycoprotein IIb/IIIa (GP IIb/IIIa) is discussed as a potential reason for the overall clinical benefits of the GP IIb/IIIa-blocking antibody-fragment abciximab. We evaluated whether abciximab binds to the leukocyte integrin Mac-1, whether it inhibits binding of the distinct ligands and thereby may modulate inflammation, cell proliferation and coagulation. Binding of fluorescence-labelled abciximab to phorbolmyristate acetate-stimulated monocytes and to a monocytic cell line (THP-1) could be detected in flow cytometry. The binding of fibrinogen, the inactivated complement factor 3b (iC3b), and the coagulation factor X to Mac-1 could be inhibited by abciximab (10 microg/ml) in vitro. As a functional consequence, the conversion of factor X to factor Xa mediated by Mac-1, as detected by the chromogenic substrate SZ-2222, was impaired by abciximab. Adhesion of THP-1 cells to immobilized intercellular adhesion molecule 1 (ICAM-1) and to fibrinogen was reduced significantly by abciximab. Fibrinogen-mediated cell aggregation was also impaired. In conclusion, we describe binding of abciximab to Mac-1 on stimulated monocytes. Thereby, abciximab inhibits binding of the ligands fibrinogen, ICAM-1, iC3b and factor X. Furthermore, we demonstrated that Mac-1-dependent conversion from factor X to factor Xa is impaired by abciximab, arguing for the direct modulation of the coagulation cascade by abciximab. Overall, the inhibition of Mac-1 could provide additional clinical benefits of abciximab beyond the well-described blockade of GP IIb/IIIa.

publication date

  • August 2002