Thrombolysis has become an accepted form of therapy for acute myocardial infarction. As demonstrated in the Global Utilization of Streptokinase and t-PA for Occluded Arteries trial, early, complete and sustained patency of the infarct-related coronary artery is correlated with reduced mortality. However, current thrombolytic regimens are able to achieve such patency within 90 min in only 81% of cases. To improve the risk/benefit ratio of thrombolytic therapy, newer agents such as reteplase have been developed to establish more rapid, more complete and more stable coronary artery patency, thus reducing mortality. This report summarizes the pharmacological properties of reteplase. It also summarizes the findings from various animal and clinical studies in which reteplase was compared with alteplase and streptokinase and the findings from animal and clinical studies evaluating infusion, single-bolus, double-bolus, doses of reteplase.