Cardioprotective actions of an N-terminal fragment of annexin-1 in rat myocardium in vitro Academic Article uri icon

abstract

  • We have previously shown that the glucocorticoid dexamethasone prevents the cardiodepressant actions of interferon-gamma plus lipopolysaccharide in cardiac tissue in vitro. We now demonstrate that an N-terminal fragment of annexin-1 (Ac2-26, 1 microM), a putative mediator of glucocorticoid actions, completely protects against interferon-gamma+lipopolysaccharide-induced depression of the inotropic response to isoprenaline in rat isolated papillary muscles. However, Ac2-26 does not preserve resting contractile function. Fifteen hours incubation with interferon-gamma+lipopolysaccharide also markedly induced mRNA expression (by real time polymerase chain reaction, PCR) of both the nitric oxide synthase 2 (NOS2) isoform of nitric oxide synthase (by 6.7 +/- 1.7-fold, P < 0.01) and cyclo-oxygenase-2 (by 3.4 +/- 0.6-fold, P < 0.05) in cardiomyocytes. Pretreatment with Ac2-26 (1 microM) prevented the induction of cyclo-oxygenase-2 mRNA, but not NOS2 mRNA, whereas dexamethasone (1 microM) suppressed the expression of both NOS2 mRNA and cyclo-oxygenase-2 mRNA. Co-incubation of dexamethasone with an anti-annexin-1 antibody did not attenuate the suppression of NOS2 mRNA. Thus, Ac2-26 reproduces some, but not all, of the cardioprotective effects of glucocorticoids in vitro in the absence of neutrophils. These protective actions are independent of changes in NOS2 expression.

authors

publication date

  • February 2003

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