Time-resolved synchrotron X-ray absorption near edge structure (XANES) spectroscopy was used to study changes of chromium speciation in soils upon soil-water interaction. The time resolution was 30-45 min. In a flow-column apparatus operated near the synchrotron beamline, two different types of soil were treated with potassium-dichromate solution, and soil samples were taken and directly analysed by XANES. The results provide insight into different equilibrium times of a few hours, depending on the type of soil. The XANES speciation analyses, based on a model comprising insoluble Cr(III) and Cr(VI) compounds, show how the fate of Cr species on soils can be followed close to real-time. Since the method allowed the soils to be investigated close to real-time, sampling in the field and preservation before analysis were made redundant. This study benefits the development of corresponding in situ remediation techniques.